ABOUT ZHENGZHOU CITY

ABOUT ZHENGZHOU CITY

INTRODUCTION TO ZHENGZOU CITY

Located in the central area of China, Zhengzhou is the provincial capital of Henan Province. It was called “the geographical center of heaven and earth” in history and “Shangdu” (capital city of Shang Dynasty) in ancient China, which is now changed into “Green City”. Zhengzhou was founded in March 1928, covering six districts, five cities, one county, Zhengzhou Airport Economic Comprehensive Experimental Zone, Zhengdong New Zone, Zhengzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone and Zhengzhou High-tech Industrial Development Zone. Current population in Zhengzhou is 10.352 million; the total area is 7,446 square kilometers; the urban built-up area is 1,055.27 square kilometers; and the urbanization rate is 74.6%. Furthermore, Zhengzhou has won such honors as Famous Historical and Cultural City in China, Excellent Tourist City in China, National Health City, National Garden City, National Forest City, National Model of Green City, National Advanced City of Scientific and Technological Progress, National Model City of Double Support, National Excellent City of Social Management and Comprehensive Government, National Civilized City and the national central city with clear national construction support.

ZHENGZHOU’S ECONOMY

After the establishment of Zhengzhou Airport Economic Comprehensive Experimental Zone, national strategic plans and platforms such as National Independent Innovation Demonstration Zone, China (Henan) Free Trade Zone, Cross- border Electronic Commerce Comprehensive Experimental Zone, Big Data Comprehensive Experimental Zone, General Aviation Industry Comprehensive Demonstration Zone and National Transportation Integrated Hub Demonstration Project City have landed one after another and accelerated.

In 2019, the GDP of the whole city reached 1,158.97 billion yuan, an increase of 6.5% over the previous year, with its proportion in the whole province rising to 21.4%. The total amount moved one place forward and occupied the 15th place the large and medium-sized cities in China. The investment in fixed assets has increased by 2.8%. The total retail sales amount of social consumer goods reached 532.44 billion yuan, an increase of 9.5%, which was 1.5% higher than that of the whole country. The total import and export volume reached 412.99 billion yuan, including 267.83 billion yuan of exports and 145.16 billion yuan of import, ranking first in the central provincial capital cities; the general public budget revenue of local finance was 122.25 billion yuan, an increase of 6.1%. In the first half of this year, to overcome the impact of the epidemic, the GDP of the whole city dropped by 0.2% year-on-year, 7.5 percentage point higher than the growth rate of the first quarter, with the rebound rate being 2.3 percentage point higher than that of the whole country; the added value of industries above designated size was the same as that of the same period last year, and the growth of fixed assets investment and general public budget income increased by 3.2% and 0.7% respectively year-on-year, realizing a rapid recovery of good development trend from negative to positive.

ZHENGZHOU’S TRANSPORTATION HUB

Zhengzhou is a comprehensive transportation hub of highway, railway, aviation and communication in China, which is the only “double cross” center in the national ordinary railway and high speed railway network. With the operation of Zhengzhou- Xiangyang High-speed Railway and Zhengzhou-Fuyang High-speed Railway, Zhengzhou-Chongqing High-speed Railway, Zhengzhou-Ji’nan High-speed Railway, Zhengzhou South Railway Station and ancillary projects are progressed in an organized way, and “Union Jack-shaped” high-speed railway network with Zhengzhou as the center accelerates its formation.

Zhengzhou Airport Economic Comprehensive Experimental Zone is the first national functional zone with aviation economy as the theme approved by the State Council. Zhengzhou-Luxembourg Air Silk Road is the key air trade channel between China and Europe, which is supported by the state. It has initially formed an international hub network, which has covered Europe, America and Asia including nearly 200 cities around the world. Relying on the transportation between China and Europe (Zhengzhou), Silk Road on Land between Zhengzhou and Europe is opened thus realizing a high frequency round trip every week in which travelling to Europe by train 11 times and returns back 9 times every week. Depending on the cross-border e-commerce, the Silk Road on the Internet has been started and the innovative “1210” mode has been promoted nationwide. Relying on the Customs Special Supervision Zone, the construction of functional ports has been sped up, making it a city with the most ports in inland areas with most types. It has initially formed the advantages of logistics hub, a domestic and foreign connection, which can benefit the eastern, central and western area of China.

With the advantage of comprehensive transportation hub, Zhengzhou constantly excavates its location dividends, builds cross-shaped high-speed rail network, constructs logistics hub that can connect China and foreign countries, serve eastern and western regions, and expand the air, land and internet silk roads. At present, Zhengzhou, relying on the national first-class air ports, has opened up an international air corridor. Based on Zhengzhou International Land Port, class-A port of railways and multimodal transport system, the Eurasian land corridor with China-Europe railway (Zhengzhou) as the carrier has been constructed. The development of cross-border e-commerce relying on the Customs Special Supervision Zone has opened the online channel of international trade.

At present, Zhengzhou has become the city with the largest number of functional ports in the inland area, which has formed a port system with coordinated development, such as aviation, railway, highway, postal, cross-border e-commerce ports, inland designated ports and special open areas.

ZHENGZHOU’S URBAN DEVELOPMENT

Since 2019, General Secretary Xi Jinping inspected Henan Province and delivered an important speech in Zhengzhou. He has upgraded the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River basin into a national strategy, endowed Zhengzhou with the mission of building a high-quality regional growth pole and strengthening the leading role as the central city to make progress. The provincial party committee and the provincial government have a clear strategic direction of driving the development of urban agglomerations by the central city, and the efforts to promote the construction of Zhengzhou metropolitan circle are constantly increasing.

In urban development aspect, Zhengzhou will establish new development principles and people-oriented development. Ecological protection will be priority by implementing the three national strategies of ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River basin. Furthermore, Zhengzhou will also accelerate the construction of National Central City and accelerate the formation of “a higher level of regional growth pole of high-quality development” with adhere to the “three in” objective requirements (promote the central city, improve the “Union Jack-shaped” transportation network, and accelerate the development of green city) entrusted to Zhengzhou by the provincial Party committee and the “four connotations” positioning requirements of “international comprehensive transportation hub and open door, national advanced manufacturing base, national historical and cultural city, core demonstration area of ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River basin”.

Zhengzhou will continue to uphold the urban development layout of “strong in the east, active in the south, beautiful in west, static in north, excellent in the middle and connected to the outside”, and adhere to the series of three-year action plans as the starting point, accelerate the construction of Zhengzhou as a national central city, strive to build a regional growth pole with higher level and high quality, and make new and greater contributions to the central plains, the rise of central China and the implementation of the Yellow River strategy.